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Canchilla

Shadow Fur

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Coyote

 

This intelligent, social animal is found from Costa Rica through most of continental U.S.A. and Canada to northern Alaska. In Canada its range extends across most of southern and central Canada, and in western Canada as far north as Yukon. The range of this very adaptable carnivore is expanding, especially eastward.

The color of the coyote's pelt varies from grayish brown to yellowish gray on the upper parts, while the throat and belly tend to have a buff or white color. The forelegs, sides of the head, muzzle and paws are reddish brown. The back has tawn-colored underfur and long, black-tipped guard hairs that form a black dorsal stripe and a dark cross on the shoulder area. The black-tipped tail has a scent gland located on its dorsal base. Coyotes shed once a year, beginning in May with light hair loss, ending in July after heavy shedding. The ears are proportionately large in relation to the head, while the feet are relatively small in relation to the rest of the body. Certain experts have noted that the shape of a domestic dog's brain case is closer to the coyote's in shape than the wolf's. Mountain dwelling coyotes tend to be dark furred while desert coyotes tend to be more yellowish in color.

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Coyotes typically grow up to 75–87 centimeters (30–34 inches) in length, not counting a tail of 30-40 cm (12-16 in), stand about 58-66 cm (23-26 in) at the shoulder and, on average, weigh from 7–21 kilograms (15–46 pounds). Northern coyotes are typically larger than southern subspecies, with the largest coyotes on record weighing 74¾ pounds (33.7 kg) and measuring over five feet in total length.

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