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Wild fox (red fox , gray fox)


Red Fox

Today, the red fox has a range spanning most of North America and Eurasia, southern Australia, and with several populations in North Africa.

In Australia the red fox is an introduced species and a conservation problem. Introduction occurred about 1850, for recreational fox hunting,

In North America the red fox is native in boreal regions, introduced in temperate regions. There is a recent fossil record of Red foxes in boreal North America, and one subspecies of these native boreal foxes extends south in the Rocky Mountains. In temperate North America, Red foxes are derived from European Red foxes, which were introduced into the Southeastern United States around 1650-1750 for fox hunting,and from there to California for the fur trade. The first introduction is attributed to Robert Brooke, Sr., who is said to have imported 24 Red foxes from England. The introduced European Red fox may have interbred with the scarce indigenous population to produce a hybrid population.

Wild fox

Wild fox Wild fox

Gray Fox

Wild fox Wild fox Wild fox

The gray fox is distinguished from most other canids by its grizzled upper parts, strong neck and black-tipped tail, while the skull can be distinguished from all other North American canids by its widely separated temporal ridges that form a U-shape. There is little sexual dimorphism, save for the males being slightly smaller than females. The gray fox ranges from 800 to 1125 mm (31.5 to 41.3 inches) in length. Its tail measures 275 to 443 mm (10.8 to 17.5 inches) and its hind feet measure 100 to 150 mm (4.9 to 5.9 inches). It weighs 3.6 to 6.82 kg (7.9 to 15 lbs).It is readily differentiated from the red fox by the lack of "black stockings" that stand out on the latter.

The gray fox's ability to climb trees is shared only with the Asian raccoon dog among canids. Its strong, hooked claws allow it to scramble up trees to escape predators such as the domestic dog or the coyote, or to reach tree-bound or arboreal food sources. It descends primarily by jumping from branch to branch, or by descending slowly backwards as a house cat. The gray fox is nocturnal or crepuscular and dens in hollow trees, stumps or appropriated burrows during the day.

Most gray fox is American, with the best pelts coming from the northern states. It is silver gray with a slight tinge of red.

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